Глава 3

1. U. S. Patent and Trademark Office, “Patent Organization” (www.uspto.gov/ web/offices/pac/index.html [October 2008]). Incandescent Lamp Patent, Supreme Court of the United States, 159 U. S. 465 (1395). 13. Roger Bilstein, Flight in America: From the Wrights to the Astronauts (Johns Hopkins University Press, 2001), p. 28; Robert P. Merges and Richard R. Nelson, “File Integrity Is an Automation Problem Too,” Patent Office Professional Association Newsletter 98 (March 1998): 3 (автоматизация будет только усугублять проблему и делает процесс менее прозрачным). \GA0 05-720 (2005) («В зависимости от типа патента и собственной квалификации каждый эксперт, как ожидается, может обработать в среднем 87 заявок в год^ тратя в среднем 19 часов на заявку») Kevin Maney, “Patent Applications So Abundant That Examiners Can't Catch Up/’ USA Todayh September 21, 2005, p. 3B. W i к i - п р э в и г ЕЛ ь ст в D 79. Alan P. Douglas, “Column of; the President,” Patent Office Professional Association Newsletter SI (June-July 1981). 80. Lf. S. Department of Commerce, Office of inspector General, “Patent and Trademark Office: Board of Appeals and interferences: High Inventory and Inadequate Monitoring Threaten Effectiveness of Appeal Process/1 Audit Report B I D' 10628-8-0001, September 1998, p. 11. 81. National Research Council, A Patent System for the 21st Century, edited by Stephen A. Merrill, Richard C, Levin, and Mark B. Myers (Washington: National Academy of Sciences, 2004), p. 104. 82. John A. Squires, “Mr. Director (Please) Tear Down This Wall,” AIPLA spring meeting, May 14, 2008 (www.aipIa.org/Content/ContentGroups/Speake r_Papers/Spring_Meeting/200812/Squires). 83. John Love, deputy commissioner for patent examination policy, U. S. Patent and Trademark Office, “Patent Relations with the PTO,” AIPLA spring meeting, May 10, 2007 (www.aipla.org/Content/Micrositesl39 [October 20081). 84. Joseph Rolla, "'Presentation to the Boston Patent Law Association" (www. r( uspto.gov/web/offices/pac/dapp/opia/presentation/ bostonplaslidestext. html [October 2008]). 85. CM.: Edward C. Waite rsche id, The Nature of the Intellectual Property Clause: A Study in Historical Perspective (Buffalo: William S. Hein, 2002), pp. 107-110. 86. Mark Twain, A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court (New York: Signet Classics, 2004 [1889]), p. 58. 87. Venetian Statute on Industrial Brevets (1474); An Act for the Encouragement of Learning, by Vesting the Copies of Printed Books in the Authors or Purchasers of Such Copies, During the Times Therein Mentioned (Statute of Anne), 8 Anne c.
19 (1709). 88. Philips v. AWH Corp., 376 F. 3d 1382 (Fed. Cir. 2004). 89. Carlos Gutierrez, letter to Patrick Leahy, April 3, 2008 (www.ogc.doc.gov/ ogc/Iegreg/Ietters/110/S 1145Apr0308.pdf [October 20081). 90. Method of swinging on a swing, U.S. Patent 6368227 (April 9, 2002); reexamination, C. N. 90006289, Cl. 472/118 (May 21, 2002). 91. Adam Jaffe and Josh Lerner, innovation and its Discontents: How Our Broken Patent System is Endangering innovation and Progress, and What to Do about It (Princeton University Press, 2004), p. 22. 92. Dan Cooper man, lL'l he Patent System and the Future of Innovation," speech, Legal Futures Conference, Stanford Law School, March 8, 2008 (www.law. stanford.edu/display/images/ dynamic/events_media/20080308_ClSr_ LegabFutures_190-3.qti [December 2008]). 93. Brad Smith, “Microsoft Calls for Reforms to the U. S. Patent System/1 March 10, 2005 (www.microsoft.com/presspass/features/2005/mar05/03-1 Opa tent reform, m spx). 94. Theodore Eisenberg and Margo Schlanger, "The Reliability of the Administrative Office of the U.S. Courts Database: An Initial Empirical Analysis/' Notre Dame Law Review 78 (October 2003) (papers.ssrn. com/sol3ypapers. cfm?abstract_id = 413l81 [October 2008]). 95. PricewaterhouseCoopers, ?of Social Behavior/' Ph. D. dissertation, MIT, 2005; Joan DiMi and Walter Bender, “Group Reactions to Visual Feedback Tools," paper prepared for the Second International Conference on Persuasive Technology, April 26™27> 2007, Stanford. Ее работы см.: www.joandimicco.com (October 2008). 18. DiMicco, L‘Changing Small Group Interaction/1 p. 15. 19. WNYC, Brian Lehrer Show, “30 Issues in 30 Days" (www.wnyc.org/30issues [October 2008]). Использовались инструменты wiki, темы были определены заранее, голосование шло по результатам обсуждения в эфире. Проект был реализован в октябре 2008 г. 20. Noveck, “A Democracy of Groups.” 21. Steven Weber, The Success of Open Source (Harvard University Press, 2004). 22. Noah D. Zatz, l[Octobcr 20081). 59. Her Majesty VI're asury, “Recommendation 23 /’ Gowers of Intellectual Property (November 2006): 85. 60. “Japan Patent Office Launches Community Patent Review/' July 28, 2008 (cairns.typepad.com/peertopatent/2008/07/japan-patent-of.html [October 20081). 61. Cm.: Erica Naone, “Moving Freely between Virtual Worlds: Players Hope to Connect Their Separate Domains to Form a 3-D Internet/’ MJT Technology' Review\ October 29, 2007, p. 2.
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Источник: Бет Новек. Wiki-правительство: Как технологии могут сделать власть лучше. демократию — сильнее, а граждан — влиятельнее. 2012

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  7. Глава 3.
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